History The capital of D'mt is thought to have been Yeha, although some archeologists like Peter Schmidt believe the site is insufficient to qualify as a capital site. He states, "It may have been a major ritual center and, without question, was an important necropolis. But certainly not a capital."
Some modern historians like Stuart Munro-Hay, Rodolfo Fattovich, Ayele Bekerie, Cain Felder, and Ephraim Isaac consider this civilization to be indigenous, although Sabaean-influenced due to the latter's dominance of the Red Sea, while others like Joseph Michels, Henri de Contenson, Tekle-Tsadik Mekouria, and Stanley Burstein view Dʿmt as the result of a mixture of Sabaeans and indigenous peoples. The most recent research, however, shows that Ge'ez, the ancient Semitic language spoken in northern Ethiopia and Eritrea in ancient times, is not derived from Sabaean. There is evidence of a Semitic-speaking presence in Ethiopia and Eritrea at least as early as 2000 BC. It continues to be debated whether Sabaean influence was minor, limited to a few localities, and disappeared after a few decades or a century, perhaps representing a trading or military colony in some sort of symbiosis or military alliance with the civilization of Dʿmt or some other proto-Aksumite state.
After the fall of Dʿmt in the 5th century BC, the plateau came to be dominated by smaller successor kingdoms. This lasted until the rise of one of these kingdoms during the first century, the Aksumite Kingdom, the ancestor of medieval and modern Ethiopia and Eritrea, which was able to reunite the area.
Known rulers List of four known rulers in chronological order